Akin Ozdemir1, Kemal Polat2
1. Master Degree Student at School of Natural Sciences, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal University, 14280, Bolu, Turkey, Email: [email protected]
2. Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal University, 14280, Bolu, Turkey, Email: [email protected]
Since the acquisition of digital images, scientific studies on these images have been making significant progress. The sizes and quality of the images obtained have increased greatly from past to present. However, when the information contained in these images remains on the visible band (RGB band), the results that can be obtained are limited. For this reason, the need to acquire images with more broadband information has emerged. Hyperspectral Imaging (HSI) method has been developed to meet this need. A hyperspectral image consists of reflections in hundreds of different bands of the electromagnetic spectrum. Each object exhibits a unique reflection characteristic. Due to this characteristic, objects can be separated from each other using hyperspectral imaging.
Hyperspectral cameras are used to obtain this image. The information it contains is much more than an RGB image, so deeper results can be achieved than the human eye can see.
In this respect, it has great importance. Artificial intelligence technologies are used extensively in image processing as well as in many other fields. As a result, classification studies are carried out on hyperspectral images with machine learning methods. Machine learning methods can be considered as the most general terms of supervised machine learning, unsupervised machine learning, and reinforced machine learning. Supervised machine learning methods mainly: Support Vector Machines(SVM), k-Nearest Neighborhood(k-NN), Decision Trees, Random Forest, Linear Regression and Neural Networks(NN). Neural networks are also used as an unsupervised learning method. However, Deep Learning, a specialized method of artificial neural networks, is highly preferred due to its unique structure. Artificial intelligence methods have been widely used in recent years, especially for the classification of hyperspectral images containing complex information. Considering the studies, it is seen that especially deep learning is used intensively. At this point, studies have revealed different types of models. The number of models and their successes are increasing day by day.
Hyperspectral Imaging, HSI, HSI classification, Hyperspectral Image Classification, Deep Learning, HSI with Deep Learning
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